What is post-traumatic stress disorder?
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) makes it difficult for a person to live a normal life. Along with thinking and understanding, patients also start having trouble doing any work, which becomes a challenge every day. In such cases, the person may also harm himself while going into depression.
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a problem associated with mental health that arises from a terrible event that a person may have experienced or seen themselves. These incidents include road accidents, falling from a height, losing, getting stuck somewhere. Symptoms of this disorder include flashbacks, dream dreams, high anxiety levels, and persistent thoughts about the event, making it difficult to live life normally.
Causes of PTSD
PTSD can occur due to a deep impact on the brain of a natural disaster, attack, war, serious accident. However, it is not necessary to have a PSD in every person who is a witness to such an accident.
The part of our brain that plays an important role in the experience of memories and feelings is called the hippocampus. People with PTSD have a hippocampus shorter than normal. This fact was revealed in a study conducted in the year 2008. However, it is unclear whether the size of such people's hippocampus is already small or it has happened after the accident. More research is still needed on this subject. Experts found in their study that the level of stress-causing hormones is abnormal in people suffering from PTSD.
Experts have found in their studies that one out of every eight victims of a heart attack may develop PTSD symptoms. It is also not necessary that those who have developed symptoms of PTSD have passed through a major accident. Many times a small illness or surgery can also have a bad effect on the brain.
A person becomes irritable when suffering from this disorder, his ability to concentrate is affected which causes him to have trouble doing and thinking normal things. The victim starts getting disconnected from the social circle, he has difficulty in getting mixed up. In many situations, the person also tries to harm himself so that he can get rid of the incident and the memories associated with it.
Post-traumatic stress disorder causes a person to feel afraid of any condition or thing associated with the event. For example, many people who have gone through a car accident are unable to drive the car even after recovering after an accident because they have fear in their minds. It can also be extreme in many cases in which the person is also afraid of sitting in the car. In some cases, the person re-experiences the event in the mind even without wanting it which increases his trauma. It takes the person away from reality.
Due to the disorder, a person starts having problems sleeping because negative thoughts are constantly going on in his mind. At the same time, he also has dreams in relation to sleeping on it, which causes him to cling to sleep, which affects his mental health. It can also bring him into a state of depression.
The main goal of its treatment is to address the emotional and physical symptoms of the person, so that daily functioning can be improved. Not only this, but attempts are also made to control the events that trigger PTSD, psychotherapy, and medicines are also beneficial in this.
Cognitive Behavior Therapy - Through this therapy, doctors try to understand what causes the symptoms in the patient to become serious. Trying to overcome the negative thinking, nightmares, fears, and memories emerging in the person is also through this therapy.
Exposure Therapy - Through this therapy, it is easy to know about any accident or nightmare in the past. Through this, after understanding the accident, a framework for further treatment is prepared based on the severity of the symptoms.
Family therapy - Due to ongoing problems in the life of a person suffering from PTSD, other family members may also be affected, so family therapy is used.
Medications for PTSD - Medications are another option for treating PTSD. To reduce the symptoms, the doctor may give the following types of medicines to the person. Antidepressant medication, anti-anxiety medicine (Ativan, valium) prazosin.
With the help of these medicines, the nightmares about the event can be overcome.